Proof – AGAIN: In 1695 Palestine showed no local Arab ‘Palestinian’ nationality

A tour & census of Palestine in the year 1695 showed no records or evidence of Arabian names or ‘Palestinian’ nationality.



There was no Palestinian nationality before the 1960s, when it was invented in order to reposition what was then universally known as the Arab/Israeli conflict. Up to the invention of “Palestinians,” the Israelis were the tiny, besieged people amidst a huge number of hostile Arabs; after that invention, the “Palestinians” themselves became the tiny, besieged people against the big, bad Israelis.

RFK Bostan dispatch

PLO executive committee member Zahir Muhsein said this in 1977:

The Palestinian people does not exist. The creation of a Palestinian state is only a means for continuing our struggle against the state of Israel for our Arab unity. In reality today there is no difference between Jordanians, Palestinians, Syrians and Lebanese. Only for political and tactical reasons do we speak today about the existence of a Palestinian people, since Arab national interests demand that we posit the existence of a distinct “Palestinian people” to oppose Zionism.

 For tactical reasons, Jordan, which is a sovereign state with defined borders, cannot raise claims to Haifa and Jaffa, while as a Palestinian, I can undoubtedly demand Haifa, Jaffa, Beer-Sheva and Jerusalem. However, the moment we reclaim our right to all of Palestine, we will not wait even a minute to unite Palestine and Jordan.


The Israelis were mistaken ever to play along with this charade.

“A Tour and Census of Palestine Year 1695: No sign of Arabian names or Palestinians,” by Avi Goldreich (translated from the Hebrew by Nurit Greenger), The Palestine-Israel Conflict, April 27, 2014 (thanks to Inexion):

The time machine is a sensation that nests in me when I am visiting Mr. Hobber old books store in Budapest, Hungary. Hobber learned to know my quirks and after the initial greeting and the glass of mineral water (Mr. Hobber is a vegan) he leads me down the stairs to the huge basement, to the Jewish “section.”
The Jewish section is a room full of antiquity books on subjects that Mr. Hobber sees to be Jewish. Among the books there are some that are not even worthy their leather binding. However, sometime, one can find there real culture treasure. Many of the books are Holy Books that may have been stolen from synagogues’ archives: Talmud, Bible, Mishnah, old Ashkenazi style Siddur, and others. Customarily, I open them to see who the proprietor is; who was the Bar Mitzvah boy who received the book two hundred years ago and to whom did he pass the book at the end of his days. It is simply curiosity.

Many of the books are written in the German language. They are books of Jewish rumination written by Christians or assimilating Jews. Sometime one can find a hand written Talmud volume that is very expensive; thousands of Euros, set in the specially aired cabinet. Hobber knows their value. Sometime one can find a bargain such as the book Palestina by Hadriani Relandi — its original professional name Palaestina, ex monumentis veteribus illustrata, published by Trajecti Batavorum: Ex Libraria G. Brodelet, 1714. One can find such original books in only few places in the world, also in Haifa University.


Palaestina, ex monumentis veteribus illustrata,
Published by Trajecti Batavorum: Ex Libraria G. Brodelet,  1714.
– Haifa University Library

[Origina link for places where the book could be found and details about the author, etc.. Now down]: palaestina-ex-monumentis-veteribus-illustrata.html

The author Relandi[1], a real scholar, geographer, cartographer and well known philologist, spoke perfect Hebrew, Arabic and ancient Greek, as well as the European languages. The book was written in Latin. In 1695 he was sent on a sightseeing tour to Israel, at that time known as Palestina. In his travels he surveyed approximately 2500 places where people lived that were mentioned in the bible or Mishnah. His research method was interesting.

  • He first mapped the Land of Israel.
  • Secondly, Relandi identifies each of the places mentioned in the Mishnah or Talmud along with their original source. If the source was Jewish, he listed it together with the appropriate sentence in the Holy Scriptures. If the source was Roman or Greek he presented the connection in Greek or Latin.
  • Thirdly, he also arranged a population survey and census of each community.

His most prominent conclusions

1. Not one settlement in the Land of Israel has a name that is of Arabic origin.
Most of the settlement names originate in the Hebrew, Greek, Latin 
or Roman languages. In fact, till today, except to Ramlah, not one
Arabic settlement has an original Arabic name. Till today, most
of the settlements names are of Hebrew or Greek origin, the names
distorted to senseless Arabic names. There is no meaning in Arabic 
to names such as Acco (Acre), Haifa, Jaffa, Nablus, Gaza, or Jenin 
and towns named Ramallah, El Halil and El-Kuds (Jerusalem) lack 
historical roots or Arabic philology. In 1696, the year Relandi 
toured the land, Ramallah, for instance, was called Bet’allah 
From the Hebrew name Beit El) and Hebron was called Hebron (Hevron) 
and the Arabs called Mearat HaMachpelah El Chalil, their name for 
the Forefather Abraham.

2. Most of the land was empty, desolate.
Most of the land was empty, desolate, and the inhabitants few in 
number and mostly concentrate in the towns Jerusalem, Acco, Tzfat, 
Jaffa, Tiberius and Gaza. Most of the inhabitants were Jews and 
the rest Christians. There were few Muslims, mostly nomad Bedouins. 
Nablus, known as Shchem, was exceptional, where approximately 120 
people, members of the Muslim Natsha family and approximately 70 
Shomronites, lived.

In the Galilee capital, Nazareth, lived approximately 700 Christians 
and in Jerusalem approximately 5000 people, mostly Jews and some 

The interesting part was that Relandi mentioned the Muslims as nomad 
Bedouins who arrived in the area as construction and agriculture 
labor reinforcement, seasonal workers.

In Gaza for example, lived approximately 550 people, fifty percent
Jews and the rest mostly Christians. The Jews grew and worked in 
their flourishing vineyards, olive tree orchards and wheat fields 
remember Gush Katif?) and the Christians worked in commerce and 
transportation of produce and goods. Tiberius and Tzfat were mostly 
Jewish and except of mentioning fishermen fishing in Lake Kinneret
— the Lake of Galilee — a traditional Tiberius occupation, there 
is no mention of their occupations. A town like Um el-Phahem was 
a village where ten families, approximately fifty people in total, 
all Christian, lived and there was also a small Maronite church in 
the village (The Shehadah family).

3. No Palestinian heritage or Palestinian nation.
The book totally contradicts any post-modern theory claiming a 
“Palestinian heritage,” or Palestinian nation. The book strengthens 
the connection, relevance, pertinence, kinship of the Land of Israel 
to the Jews and the absolute lack of belonging to the Arabs, who 
robbed the Latin name Palestina and took it as their own.

In Granada, Spain, for example, one can see Arabic heritage and 
architecture. In large cities such as Granada and the land of
Andalucía, mountains and rivers like Guadalajara, one can see 
genuine Arabic cultural heritage: literature, monumental creations, 
engineering, medicine, etc. Seven hundred years of Arabic reign left 
in Spain an Arabic heritage that one cannot ignore, hide or camouflage. 
But here, in Israel there is nothing like that! Nada, as the Spanish 
say! No names of towns, no culture, no art, no history, and no 
evidence of Arabic rule; only huge robbery, pillaging and looting; 
stealing the Jews’ holiest place, robbing the Jews of their Promised 
Land. Lately, under the auspices of all kind of post modern Israelis 
— also hijacking and robbing us of our Jewish history.




[1] From “Adrian Reland (1676-1718), Dutch Orientalist, was born at Ryp, studied at Utrecht and Leiden, and was professor of Oriental languages successively at Harderwijk (1699) and Utrecht (1701). His most important works were Palaestina ex monumentis veteribus illustrata (Utrecht, 1714), and Antiquitates sacrae veterum Hebraeorum.”



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Robert Spencer 2012 – Photo: Jihad Watch

ROBERT SPENCER is the director of Jihad Watch, a program of the David Horowitz Freedom Center, and the author of thirteen books, including two New York Times best-selling books.Read More