Israel top contender to replace Bulgaria’s aging MiG-29s with IDF F-16s

In order to improve compliance with NATO standards, Bulgaria’s Parliament approved a plan to buy IDF F-16 jets in a $2 billion deal.



Israel is in the running to replace Bulgaria’s aging MiG-29s after Sofia gave the green light to replace its Soviet-designed jets.

Bulgaria’s parliament approved the plan to buy the jets in June in order to improve its compliance with NATO standards – which it joined in 2004 – in a 3.5 billion leva (NIS 7.4 billion) military modernization project.

US Air Force hosts 2016 Red Flag exercise with the IAF flying F-16i at Nellis Air Base, Nevada. – Photo: IDF Spokesperson’s Unit

Some 1.8 billion leva (NIS 3.8 billion) will cover the cost of the fighter jets which would be acquired by Sofia in two stages of eight each, as well as ground handling, training and logistical support.

Other countries bidding for the defense contract include the United States (F-16 and F/A-18 Super Hornet), Portugal (F-16), Italy (Eurofighter Tranche 1), Germany (Eurofighter 3 Tranche), France (Dassault Rafale) and Sweden (Gripen C/D).

Israel and Bulgaria have a close relationship, and have held joint air force drills since 2012. Last September, IAF F-15 and F-16 jets took part in a week-long joint exercise named Collector’s Item 17.

“The holding of the joint training activities will lead to increased interoperability and expansion of military co-operation between the armed forces of Bulgaria and Israel, as well as to the improvement of the preparation of the units of the Bulgarian Air Force,” read a government statement at time.

Israel is also set to sell F-16s to Croatia which officially chose the Israeli jets on March 29 in a deal worth close to $500 million. According to local press, the 12 F-16C/D Barak jets will be called Flash and Storm after the two Croatian military operations against Serbia in 1995.

In December 2016 Israel retired its fleet of F-16A and F-16B (Netz) fighter jets. The planes had been the backbone of the IAF for 36 years. The F-16B variants are two-seat aircraft flown by a pilot and navigator, unlike the F-16A which has only a pilot.

Israel’s F-16A/Bs were originally destined for the Imperial Iranian Air Force, but with the fall of the shah following the 1979 Iranian revolution and the subsequent rise of the Islamist fundamentalist regime, and the signing of the Camp David accord between Israel and Egypt, Jerusalem finalized a deal to acquire the advanced jets from the United States under the Peace Marble I Foreign Military Sales program.

The first four F-16A/Bs landed in Israel in July of 1980 and achieved initial operational capability a few weeks later.

‘Packed and ready to party,’ Israel’s F-16i -Sufa. –  Photo: IDF Spokesperson’s Office

With the F-16C/D Barak, and one of the most advanced F-16s ever built, the F-16I Sufa, Israel flies the largest contingent of F-16s outside the United States, with close to 300 jets. All the aircraft have been heavily modified with Israeli-made avionics, self-protection systems, radar and advanced weapons such as the  Python 4 and 5 air-to-air missiles and the Popeye and SPICE (Smart, Precise Impact, Cost-Effective) guided munitions.


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