With the return of the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force to the frontier between Syria and Israel, Russia announces its military police will assist them until all UN patrols along the border are fully restored.
The Associated Press
The Russian military said Tuesday that its forces in Syria will help UN peacekeepers fully restore patrols along the volatile frontier between Syria and the Israeli Golan Heights.
The Russian deployment in the area has highlighted Moscow’s growing clout in the region, marking a successful attempt to balance the sharply conflicting interests of Israel and Iran.
“The Russian flag is the guarantor of peace and security on that land,” said Lt. Gen. Sergei Kuralenko. He noted that Russian and Israeli officials have maintained regular communications, adding that “operations by Russian military police help ensure the security of Israel.”
Kuralenko said that the Russian military police have set up four checkpoints on the edge of the demilitarized zone and plan to add another four.
“The Russian military police work in close interaction with the UN,” he said, adding that they have set up a hotline with the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) and held regular meetings to coordinate their actions.
Speaking to international reporters on a trip to the area organized by the Russian Defense Ministry, Kuralenko noted that a top priority for the Russian military police is to help clear mines left by militants. He said Russian forces have inspected the demilitarized zone and adjacent areas to help UNDOF map safe routes.
“We are offering all possible assistance to the UN mission to allow it to resume its operations in the demilitarized zone in full,” Kuralenko said, adding that the Russian military police will be ready to leave once the UN mission fully takes charge.
The UN peacekeepers first deployed in the area in 1974 under a deal to separate Syrian and Israeli forces after Israel captured the Golan Heights in the Six-Day War, but they were driven away by al-Qaeda-linked militants in 2014. Russia-backed Syrian government forces have recently regained control of the area.
Kuralenko said most UN facilities in the area were heavily damaged during fierce fighting between al-Qaeda militants and Syrian government forces.
“The main problem is a large number of explosive objects left,” he said. “We see our mission not only in clearing mines, but also in training local personnel. We are helping train Syrian military engineers so that they can do the job themselves.”
By deploying its forces along the Syrian-Israeli frontier, Moscow has sought to assuage Israeli concerns about the Iranian presence in Syria.
Israel has repeatedly said it will not allow Iran, or its proxy Hezbollah militia, to establish a permanent presence in postwar Syria. Moscow, which has played a delicate diplomatic game of maintaining friendly ties with both Israel and Iran, warned that it would be unrealistic to expect Iran to fully withdraw from Syria.
But in a bid to accommodate Israel’s security interests, Moscow announced two weeks ago that it struck a deal with Tehran to keep its fighters 85 kilometers (53 miles) from the Golan.
While Russia and Iran have teamed up in Syria to shore up President Bashar Assad’s government, their interests don’t always converge. Iran is loath to surrender any of its hard-won gains in Syria, but it can’t afford a falling out with Moscow amid the continuing tensions with the US and the Saudis. Washington’s withdrawal from the Iranian nuclear deal has made ties with Russia even more important for Tehran.
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