Tag Archive for archaeology

Archaeologists reveal early Muslims called Dome of the Rock by a Hebrew name of the Jewish Temple



1000 yr-old inscription discovered at a mosque outside Hebron calls Dome of the Rock “Bait al-Maqdess,” an Arabicized version of “Beit Hamikdash,” the Hebrew name for the Temple, proving Jewish ties to the Temple Mount
• Archaeologist: There’s plenty of evidence proving early Islam was influenced by Judaism.

By Yori Yalon


A 1,000-year-old early Muslim inscription provides yet more crucial proof of Jewish ties to the Temple Mount and Jerusalem.

Entry to the Dome of the Rock, on the Temple Mount - Photo: IsraelandStuff/PP

Entry to the Dome of the Rock, on the Temple Mount – Photo: IsraelandStuff/PP

At a conference on Thursday, archaeologists Assaf Avraham and Perez Reuven presented an ancient Muslim inscription that refers to the Dome of the Rock on the Temple Mount as “Bait al-Maqdess,” an Arabicized version of the Hebrew words for the Temple, Beit Hamikdash. Continue Reading »

WATCH: Digital analysis brings charred Leviticus scroll back to life


view videoThe burned scroll from the 1st centuries C.E., found to contain Torah verses that are identical to modern versions, was deciphered using unprecedented digital technology by American researchers along with a team from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

By Yori Yalon


Cutting-edge digital technology has brought a charred ancient Torah scroll dated to the first centuries C.E. back to life, and revealed that the scroll contains chapters from the biblical book of Leviticus.


Ein Gedi Scroll, also known as the Leviticus Scroll, is most ancient Hebrew scroll since the Dead Sea Scrolls. – PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY PROF SEALES ET AL.

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World’s oldest human remains found inside cave near Tel Aviv


The Qesem Cave, located outside of Rosh HaAyin, was accidentally discovered during road work 16 years ago and has since revealed a wealth of information on early humans, shedding light on the evolution of humanity.

By Asaf Kamer


When work began to widen route 5 outside of Rosh HaAyin 16 years ago, workers discovered something incredible; the opening to a world frozen in time.

Inside Qesem Cave – Photo: Ron Barkai, Tel Aviv University

A powerful controlled explosion designed to demolish a giant limestone boulder blocking the path of the road exposed the entrance to a giant limestone cave which had been sealed for over 200,000 years. Continue Reading »

Archaeology supports historical and biblical accounts of both Temples’ destruction


The destruction of the First and Second Temples, supported by archaeological findings, coins, burnt houses, etc., including various historical testimonies, all support the biblical accounts of both Temples’ destruction.

By Tal Barkai


For nearly two thousand years, Jews have mourned the destruction of the Temples. They have traditionally relied on the account of the First Temple’s destruction as told in the Bible and the external accounts for the destruction of the Second Temple—but over the past decade, archaeological findings supporting the Jewish canon have been adding evidence.

Flavius Josephus, first-century Romano-Jewish scholar, historian and hagiographer.

Prof. Aren Maeir, an expert on the First-Temple period from Bar Ilan University’s Department of Land of Israel Studies and Archaeology, “From a chronological historical standpoint, we’re talking about the year 586 BCE, when Jerusalem was destroyed.

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Historical discovery of Egyptian statue with hieroglyphic script found at Tel-Hazor


Tel Hazor, north of the Sea of Galilee, is Israel’s largest biblical-era site, a UNESCO Heritage Site, and where the only monumental Egyptian statues found so far in 2nd millennium contexts in the entire Levant.



In a historic find, a large limestone fragment of an Egyptian statue depicting an ancient official’s feet, was discovered at Tel-Hazor, north of the Sea of Galilee, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem announced on Monday.

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WATCH: Rare cache of silver coins from 135–126 BCE found in central Israel

view videoThe found cache of silver coins from the Hasmonean period, comprised of shekels and half-shekels, were minted in the city of Tyre and bear images of King Antiochus VII & his brother Demetrius II.

By i24news


A rare cache of silver coins dating back to the Hasmonean period has been discovered in the central Israeli city of Modi‘in alongside the wall of an agricultural estate during an archaeological excavation, the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) said Monday.

IAA archaeologist Shahar Krispin during the discovery of the silver coin hoard that was found in the estate house. – Photo: Assaf Peretz, Israel Antiquities Authority

The treasure was hidden in a rock crevice, up against a wall of an impressive agricultural estate that was discovered during the excavation. Continue Reading »

Byzantine era ship discovered off Israel’s coast


view videoIsrael’s newest maritime archaeological discovery is a ship dating back to the 7th century AD, that may shed light on the evolution of ship building techniques of the time.

By Uri Shapira


Twenty archaeologists and volunteers flocked to Kibbutz Ma’agan Michael last week, eager to explore and excavate Israel’s newest maritime archaeological discovery- an ancient ship dating back to 7th century AD.

Underwater excavation sheds light on 1500-year… by i24news-en

Like in many discoveries from the sea, this one, located about 35 kilometers (22 miles) south of the port city of Haifa, came by accident.

Excavator Natan Helfman told i24news about the day he and a friend discovered the ship. Continue Reading »

Israeli 10th grader unearths 3,330 yr-old Egyptian amulet at Galilee dig


Dr. Daphna Ben-Tor, curator of Egyptian archaeology at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem, who identified the scarab amulet, added that “this is an Egyptian scarab from the times of the Ramses, the 19th Dynasty, the golden days of the pharaohs of Egypt.”

By Yori Yalon


Tzipori (Sepphoris) in the Galilee has revealed another exciting find: On Tuesday, a group of young students participating in an archaeological excavation run by the Israel Antiquities Authority at the ancient site discovered an Egyptian amulet that is over 3,000 years old.

The Egyptian amulet dates back to the 19th Dynasty – Photo: Israel Antiquities Authority

Like so many important archaeological findings in Israel, the object was uncovered at a dig being conducted as part of preparations for an infrastructure project — in this case, a new access road. Continue Reading »

WATCH: Sunken Roman treasure found on Israel’s shore


view videoTwo Israelis divers happen upon the cargo of a sunken merchant ship off Caesarea’s coast, revealing a treasure trove of pristine 1,600 yr-old Roman statuettes, coins and other artifacts.

By Arutz Sheva Staff


Two divers found an ancient treasure lurking in the harbor at Caesarea National Park, and after they informed the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) they returned with archaeologists to dive down and recover the ancient statues and coins from the depths.

The find, which is the largest assemblage of marine artifacts to be recovered in the last thirty years, was made by divers Ran Feinstein and Ofer Ra’anan of Ra’anana. Continue Reading »

New discovery proves Israel was western center of ancient glass trade


1600yr-old glass kilns recently discovered during construction of new railway line in Haifa prove Israel was at the center of the international glass trade during the late Roman period.

By Jesse Lempel/TPS


A first-of-its-kind accidental discovery of ancient glass kilns at the foot of Mt. Carmel demonstrates that Israel was at the center of the global glass trade during the late Roman period, the Israel Antiquities Authority announced on Monday.

The extraordinary kilns, which are approximately 1,600 years old, are “the earliest found in Israel and the missing link for the production and export of glass,” Yael Gorin-Rosen, head curator of the Israel Antiquities Authority Glass Department, told Tazpit Press Service (TPS). 

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Palestinian Christians outraged over Hamas destruction of unearthed church ruins in Gaza


West Bank Palestinian Christian cleric asks, “How are the Wakf officials in Gaza different from ISIS when they bulldoze antiquities and a religious and cultural treasure?”



Palestinian Christians on Wednesday expressed anger over the way the Palestinian Authority and Hamas have handled the ancient ruins of a Byzantine church that were uncovered in Gaza City last week.

They said that bulldozers removed the antiquities and continued with their work without supervision. They accused the two big Palestinian parties of seeking to obliterate Christian history and identity in the Holy Land.

Kids removing sand covering carving from ancient ruins, which archaeologists say may be part of a Byzantine church or cathedral dating from around 1,500 years ago, were found in Gaza City April 4, 2016.

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2000yr-old synagogue unearthed by Sea of Galilee reveal ancient treasures


Second Temple era bronze incense shovel & jug were recently discovered at the excavation site of the ancient Jewish settlement of Mandala.



The excavation of a 2,000-year old Jewish settlement and synagogue from the Second Temple period in Mandala, located on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee, recently revealed rare and well-preserved antiquities, including a bronze incense shovel and jug.

An aerial view of the settlement uncovered in excavations conducted by the Israel Antiquities Authority at Migdal. – Photo: Israel Antiquities Authority

The dig, overseen by the Israel Antiquities Authority prior to the construction of a building there, took place in an area considered to be the crossroads of Jewish and Christian history for its historical and religious significance for both Jews and Christians.

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Egypt in uproar over Star of David engravings found on ancient Temple


The head of the Egyptian Antiquities accuses a Jewish member of the German archaeological team of vandalizing the Temple with two Star of David engravings.

By i24news


The discovery of two Star of David engravings on an ancient Roman Temple in Egypt’s southern city of Aswan has caused an uproar.

The Sign of David engraving found in the Aswan shrine. – Photo: ARAB MEDIA

Dr. Mohmoud Afifi, head of the Egyptian Antiquities branch in the Antiquities Ministry, has accused a delegation of German archaeologists working on the site’s reconstruction of defaming the site by engraving the Stars of David into a stone in the Shrine, the Jerusalem Post reports.
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German returns ancient Roman coin he took from Israel as tourist 25 years ago


German tourist writes to Israel Museum of the Bronze coin bearing an image of Roman Emperor Commodus and the word “Ashkelon” in Greek script: ‘I had to return the unique coin to its owner, the State of Israel.’

By Yori Yalon


A German doctor has decided to return a rare ancient coin he discovered on a visit to Jerusalem 25 years ago.

The bronze coin might have been minted for a special occasion, says Dr. Haim Gitler of the Israel Museum – Photo: Peter Lenny/Israel Museum

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2,500 yr-old seal from 1st Temple period found in Jerusalem


Israel Antiquities Authority admits “Finding seals that bear names from the time of the 1st Temple is hardly a commonplace occurrence, & finding a seal that belonged to a woman is an even rarer phenomenon.”



Who was Elihana bat Gael?

An exceptional woman during Jerusalem’s First Temple period, some 2,500 years ago, according to the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA).

A view from the Jerusalem excavation site in the City of David

A rare seal bearing her name was recently unearthed in a large ancient building during excavations carried out in the Giv’ati parking lot at the City of David, in the Jerusalem Walls National Park, the IAA announced on Sunday. Continue Reading »